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Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction (TMJD)
Temporomandibular joint dysfunction (TMJD) is an umbrella term covering pain and dysfunction of the temporomandibular joints and the muscles of mastication. Possible symptoms are: pain and noises during jaw movement, pain when chewing, difficulty opening mouth, facial muscle pain, neck pain, shoulder pain, chin dislocation, headache, inner ear pain, and speech disorder. The doctors will find out the cause and give patients proper treatments. Common treatment methods are physical therapy, surgery, acupuncture, laser, correction, jaw exercise, splint treatment, occlusal adjustment, and psychological counseling.
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